What is incontinence?
It is the inability to control one’s urine or when urine from the bladder leaks accidentally or accidental bowel leakage or faeces movement from the bowel. It is a condition which is widespread now days and can happen to men as well as women. Although studies have shown that omen are affected more seven to eight times than men in this disorder. Incontinence can be urinary incontinence or bowel or faecal incontinence. Two kinds of Incontinence are identified –
Urinary Incontinence – like explained above it is the inability of controlling the urine, this generally happens to females after chid birth and also due to menopause.
Faecal incontinence – Any individual who faces difficulty in controlling bowels or may pass wind when one does not want to. The bowel control gets poorer with ageing in faecal incontinence.
Incontinence effects everyday activities of an individual and can go on to affect the quality of ones life. It affects ability of a person to engage in employment, education and other social activities. It is also a burden for old age people and people with some kind of disability associated to them.
Incontinence in Australia –
From a survey done on Australian people almost an estimated 316500 people had experienced in Australia. The number has not been very alarming in terms of increase in numbers but what strikes our attention most is that out of these 3 Lac odd people, 66% were a female. Female incontinence in Australia is fairly high in ratio. A medical journal in Australia after its survey has said that Female incontinence in Australia is over 2 million in numbers with females over the age of 18 years. It also suggests that most of the women experience incontinence between the ages of 18 to 44 years.
Risk Factors involved with incontinence –
The studies have also revealed and showed various risk factors which can commonly be the factors behind the incontinence among Australians. Incontinence is primarily due to –
Pregnancy – The medical survey indicates that urinary incontinence increases during pregnancy. Though it increases for those women who have given birth before also but it increases more in terms of percentage among women who have never given birth.
Obesity – Pelvic muscles weakens due to abdomen pressure caused due to weight gain causing incontinence
Prostrate Cancer, surgery or prostrate disease – Men having any of such disease have the increased risk of having urinary or the faecal incontinence
Other Factors – like urinary infections, diabetes, and menopause, chronic illness and poor health
There are several myths related to incontinence which hamper their reporting and get timely medical counselling for betterment and treatment. Few myths related to incontinence are Old age, incontinence being a disease, drinking less fluid helps, to slow down on routines. These are some typical myths related to incontinence. It is a disorder which actually is very much curable and manageable.